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He concerned himself with food distribution and public safety in a city that represented something entirely new in the ancient world — the intermingling of hordes of people from wildly different cultures. In order to keep the peace among people without ties of blood or religion, Hammurabi created his famous Legal Code , essentially a detailed list of crimes and their associated punishments:. This early system of retributive justice — inscribed on an 8-foot 2. Hammurabi's singular genius as a military and domestic leader wasn't passed on to his successor.

Just days after Hammurabi's death, Babylon's old enemies declared their independence and readied their armies for invasion. The Babylonian kingdom fell to pieces and the city wouldn't return to glory for more than 1, years. It was great and terrible Nebuchadnezzar II who rebuilt Babylon as a magnificent paean to the creator god Marduk. Ruling from to B. Because of Nebuchadnezzar's imperialist cruelty and penchant for golden shrines to pagan gods, Babylon became shorthand for everything ungodly in the Judeo-Christian tradition.

In the New Testament Book of Revelation, the " Whore of Babylon " makes an appearance "adorned with gold and jewels and pearls, holding in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the impurities of her sexual immorality.


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According to historians , Nechuchadnezzar relocated conquered people around the empire to keep them from organizing rebellions against him — under his leadership, Babylon became the biggest and most modern city in the ancient world. In addition to building Babylon's colossal city walls, he was responsible for the stunning Processional Way, a wide thoroughfare lined with ornately tiled walls depicting lions and dragons in bright blues and yellows.

The Processional Way led to the Ishtar Gate, the city's grand northern entrance. One of Nebuchadnezzar's best-known construction projects was the temple of Marduk, which sat atop a foot meter ziggurat accessible by a ramp that curved around its exterior.

The Greek historian Herodotus, writing centuries after Babylon's heyday, described eight towers stacked on top of one another. This was largely attributable to Nebuchadnezzar's ability as a statesman and general.

Babylon, Iraq

He maintained friendly relations with the Medes in the east while vying successfully with Egypt for the control of trade on the eastern Mediterranean coast. He is well known as the biblical conqueror who deported the Jews to Babylon after the capture of Jerusalem. Because stone is rare in southern Mesopotamia, molded glazed bricks were used for building and Babylon became a city of brilliant color. Relief figures in white, black, blue, red, and yellow decorated the city's gates and buildings. North of the gate the roadway was lined with glazed figures of striding lions. It's a sad ending to such a fabled city.


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  7. Nebachadnezzar was the most famous of Babylon's rulers, but he wasn't the first. Several empires rose and fell and rose again over the millennia on the same coveted soil between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

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    The earliest king to unite warring Mesopotamian tribes into a single powerful city-state was the remarkable Hammurabi in the 18th century B. Not only did Hammurabi successfully conquer or forge alliances with Babylon's fiercest enemies during his year reign, but he also built Babylon into a showplace for ancient innovations in engineering and criminal justice.

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    Hammurabi ordered the construction of intricate canals to provide Babylon's citizens with fresh water, and fortified the city's walls against invaders. He concerned himself with food distribution and public safety in a city that represented something entirely new in the ancient world — the intermingling of hordes of people from wildly different cultures. In order to keep the peace among people without ties of blood or religion, Hammurabi created his famous Legal Code , essentially a detailed list of crimes and their associated punishments:.

    This early system of retributive justice — inscribed on an 8-foot 2.

    The Golden Lion of Babylon by Roy a Hultberg | | Booktopia

    Hammurabi's singular genius as a military and domestic leader wasn't passed on to his successor. Just days after Hammurabi's death, Babylon's old enemies declared their independence and readied their armies for invasion. The Babylonian kingdom fell to pieces and the city wouldn't return to glory for more than 1, years.

    It was great and terrible Nebuchadnezzar II who rebuilt Babylon as a magnificent paean to the creator god Marduk.


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    Ruling from to B. Because of Nebuchadnezzar's imperialist cruelty and penchant for golden shrines to pagan gods, Babylon became shorthand for everything ungodly in the Judeo-Christian tradition.

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